Extreme weather conditions are concerning globally as air and sea temperatures continue to rise. How are carbon emissions affecting us?
- Climate change is largely the result of too much carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. (1)
- Carbon overload has been created from global destruction of the natural environment. Decimating forests, the burn of fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas.
- These actions increase CO2 releasing more heat-trapping gases into the atmosphere.
- Less plant life as countries develop to absorb CO2.
- Oceans exchanging higher levels of CO2 further compromising its own ecological system through rising water temperatures.
Once carbon dioxide joins the atmosphere, 40% will remain in the atmosphere for 100 years and 20% will reside for 1000 years, while the final 10% will take 10,000 years to turn over. (2)
- Energy is held in the atmosphere retaining heat.
- The ability to hold water vapour increases.
- Water vapour has a short cycle in the atmosphere (ten days on average) before it becomes a weather event and falls to Earth.
- Increased air temperatures are evaporating moisture from waterways, soil and plant life.
- Rainfall arrives, hits dry soil unable to absorb water, causing floods.
The atmospheric carbon dioxide levels rose 40 percent between 1750 and 2011. (4)
In 2013, atmospheric CO2 levels surpassed 400 million parts per million for the first time in human history. (5)
People have created half of these carbon dioxide emissions in the past four decades. (6)
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